NOAA releases early update for World Magnetic Model

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The magnetic North Pole's unprecedented movement began in the mid-1990s and it is now headed from the Canadian Arctic toward Siberia at roughly 55 kilometers per year, the journal Nature reported last month.

"The military uses the WMM for undersea and aircraft navigation, parachute deployment, and more". "The continuous shift is an issue for compasses in mobile phones and some consumer electronics".

Compasses are also impacted by the World Magnetic Model: These devices use declination (the difference between true north and where a compass points) to ensure navigation systems are correct.

"With the last release in 2015, the next version is scheduled for release at the end of 2019".

At the moment, the northern magnetic pole is moving away from the Canadian Arctic and toward Siberia.

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As the magnetic field's quirks are dynamic, the model has to be updated, which is done on a five-year schedule.

The Earth's north magnetic pole is moving away from the Canadian Arctic and is heading towards Siberia in Russian Federation, said the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

The shifting magnetic pole is a problem for compasses.

Airport runway names are based on their direction toward magnetic north, and their names change when the sticks moved.

Some scientists think a jet stream of molten liquid is pushing the north pole, while others have suggested that the south and north magnetic poles are reversing positions.

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It's a problem for organisations (such as the USA military) which use magnetic north for navigation, and it's now moving so quickly scientists are having to update their estimates ahead of schedule. The Fairbanks airport renamed runway 1L-19R to 2L-20R in 2009. 'We might just call it magnetic weather'.

Some have speculated that Earth is overdue for another magnetic-field reversal - an event that hasn't happened for 780,000 years - and the North Pole's recent restlessness may be a sign of a cataclysm to come. Their existence, and flowing movement, act as a conductor for Earth's magnetic field. It is not a question of if it's going to reverse, the question is when it's going to reverse. This liquid iron is in constant motion due to Earth's rotation and various other reasons, and this motion produces a magnetic field.

Scientists first noticed the change in 2018 thanks to a "huge amount of satellite data", which showed the pole had gone beyond the model's predicted area, Beggan said.

"The difficulty is that we don't have a way to directly observe what is happening in the Earth's core so we have to make a lot of assumptions", Arnaud Chulliat, a geomagnetist at the University of Colorado Boulder and NOA, who works on the WMM, told Motherboard.

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