NASA counted down Friday to the launch of a $1.5 billion spacecraft that aims to plunge into the Sun's sizzling atmosphere and become humanity's first mission to explore a star. "Stay tuned - we're going to see stuff that we just never would have imagined, I'm sure", said Howard.
It is a fast-paced mission, with the first Venus encounter occurring less than two months after liftoff, in early October, and the first brush with the Sun in November.
How do solar winds, these currents of particles from the solar corona, form and escape into space?
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When the probe begins its final orbits it will be moving at approximately 430,000 miles per hour, according to NASA.
This is not the first mission to study the Sun, but none of the previous devices did not even come close to the source of light and heat so close - only 6 million kilometers. From the simulation by the institution, the results shows that the solar probe can withstand a heat temperature of over 2500 Fahrenheit.
The tools on board will measure the expanding corona and continually flowing atmosphere known as the solar wind, which solar physicist Eugene Parker first described back in 1958.
"NASA was planning to send a mission to the solar corona for decades". The launch of the probe is now scheduled to launch tomorrow (Aug. 11) at 3:33 a.m. EDT (0733 GMT) from NASA's Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida. 'The probe will travel through the atmosphere of the Sun, closer to its surface than any other spacecraft before it, ' says NASA in a statement. These disturbances can also create complications as we attempt to send astronauts and spacecraft farther away from the Earth.
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The Parker probe will be able to identify how these solar winds are formed, and perhaps explain the mechanism that allows the particles to escape.
It's important to learn as much as possible about the sun and how it produces space weather because Earth is inside the atmosphere of the sun.
Four suites of instruments will gather the data needed to answer key questions about the sun.
Plenty of spacecraft have studied the sun, of course, but none have had the potential of the new mission: neither its orbital path nor its instruments have been possible until now, despite 60 years of scientists' dreams. Apart from Parker's photo and his research paper are more than 1 million names of space fans who submitted their named to Nasa this past spring. Among the properties that it will be measuring regularly are the electric and magnetic fields present, along with the velocity, density, and temperature of particles that typically make up solar wind-protons, electrons, and heavier ionized nuclei.
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